Language is one of our most articulated means of expressing ideas and

thoughts. This introduction to language and linguistics as the science of

language will mainly look at language from the perspective of “expressing ideas

and thoughts”. This approach to the study of language is known as the cognitive

perspective. The cognitive perspective also holds that language is part of a

cognitive system which comprises perception, emotions, categorization,

abstraction processes, and reasoning. All these cognitive abilities interact with

language and are influenced by language. Thus the study of language, in a sense,

becomes the study of the way we express and exchange ideas and thoughts.